How to prevent a stroke and cope with its consequences

Every year, several million people worldwide die and become severely disabled from a brain stroke . This disease is one of the most frequent causes of death in the population , and the percentage of fatality among men is higher than among women . Whether it is possible to prevent a stroke and how to restore the body after an attack - read this article.
What is a stroke? This is a sharp violation of blood circulation in the brain, accompanied by the death of any brain area. As a result, certain brain functions are disrupted and organs that are responsible for the functioning of damaged cells stop working.

For example, when motor neurons are damaged, a person loses the ability to move and his muscles gradually atrophy. With the death of nerve cells that respond to the work of the pelvic organs, there may be problems in the functioning of the bladder, etc.a Frequent consequence of a stroke is speech disorders. Due to the intersection of nerve pathways, damage to areas in the right hemisphere of the brain provokes a violation of the functions of the limbs on the left side of the trunk, and Vice versa.
A serious harbinger of a stroke is a sudden increase in blood pressure
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Main types of stroke:
Ischemic
When one of the cerebral arteries is blocked by a blood clot , blood flow stops along it and there is a gradual death of brain tissue below the blood flow
Hemorrhagic
When a brain hemorrhage occurs due to damage to the vessel walls (this form of the disease often has an unfavorable prognosis in comparison with ischemic stroke)
Mixed species
They combine a brain hemorrhage and a blocked artery with a blood clot
Why does a stroke develop?
The main cause of ischemic strokes is a violation of the integrity of the endothelium - the inner part of the vascular membrane, which provokes the growth of atherosclerotic plaque, and then the rupture of its shell under the influence of high blood pressure and, as a result, blockage of the vessel. Another reason for the development of the disease is the clogging of a vessel (usually the midbrain artery) with a blood clot from the heart cavities, resulting in an embolic stroke.

The main causes of hemorrhagic stroke include damage to the vessel wall or high blood pressure. As a result, a fairly large area of the brain is filled with blood, which, in turn, can penetrate the intracerebral ventricles, exert pressure on the brain tissue from outside or pour out under the meninges. The consequences in such cases are catastrophic and are much more likely to lead to death than the ischemic form of the disease.

Another mechanism for the development of hemorrhagic stroke is a combination of factors such as the presence of congenital aneurysms of the brain vessels and high blood pressure. High blood pressure can cause aneurysms to rupture, causing blood to spill inside the brain. Also, an important role is played by the presence of problems with blood clotting. In such cases, taking even harmless medications can be dangerous, especially with high blood pressure.
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Clinical manifestations of stroke
A serious precursor to a stroke is a sudden increase in blood pressure. In addition, typical manifestations of the development of pathology are violations of coordination of movements, gait, speech, as well as muscle weakness and falls. As a rule, the first signs of stroke in men and women are manifested and develop in a short period of time. The following symptoms may also occur suddenly:

* dizziness, severe headache, feeling of deafness
* sweating, nausea, vomiting
* drowsiness, dry mouth and other non-specific symptoms

All of these symptoms can indicate a stroke, if almost immediately after the onset of weakness or pain in the head, there are problems with speech and motor disorders.

The development of small strokes may indicate small motor problems that can only be recognized by a neurologist. Similar pathologies develop in the area of vertebrobasilar arteries, which supply blood to those areas of the brain that control balance. At the same time, the patient has sudden attacks of dizziness, head pain, a feeling of nausea or staggering. Extensive strokes, accompanied by blockage of large arteries, develop mainly against the background of sharp speech disorders and reduced motor activity. These symptoms can not be confused with the manifestations of other diseases.

If symptoms of impaired blood flow in the brain appear, it is necessary to provide the patient with adequate treatment as soon as possible.
Emergency diagnosis of stroke
How do I detect a stroke on the spot? There are several methods for recognizing symptoms of this disease. To do this, ask the patient to perform the following actions:
1
Utter a simple sentence
For example, "there is a dog on the road". People who have had a stroke may have problems with pronunciation
2
Smile
When you smile the corner of your lips on one side of your face turns down
3
Put your hands up
The patient will experience a lack of synchronization with the simultaneous lifting of the hands
4
Stick out your tongue
The tongue may fall to the side and have an irregular shape
5
Close your eyes, extend your hands forward, palms up
One of the hands will move randomly sideways and down
How to protect yourself from stroke: risk groups and preventive measures
The greatest risk of stroke is in people with high blood pressure. Other adverse factors that can trigger the development of acute circulatory disorders in the brain include the following:

- high cholesterol and low-density lipoproteins in the blood;
- heart diseases, diseases of peripheral vessels and carotid arteries, diabetes mellitus, ischemic attacks,
- Smoking, abuse of alcohol, psychoactive and narcotic substances;
- blood clotting disorders (reduced clotting increases the risk of hemorrhagic stroke, and increased-ischemic form of the disease at a young age);
- overweight, sedentary lifestyle, etc.

To prevent the disease, it is necessary to regularly measure the pressure and make sure that its indicators do not exceed 135/85 mm Hg.however, If the indicators are higher, you should be examined by a cardiologist.

Currently, doctors associate the risk of stroke with a vascular disease such as migraine. It is known that severe migraine attacks can provoke an acute violation of cerebral circulation, so these patients need to take additional preventive measures.

In particular, an effective method of preventing stroke is to eat foods with a high content of substances that reduce blood pressure and strengthen the walls of blood vessels.

One of these substances is the free amino acid glycine. In addition to strengthening blood vessels, it provides the removal of toxins from the body during drug and alcohol intoxication, helps restore the brain after injuries and has a lot of other useful properties. Glycine is found in chickpeas, nuts, ginger, quail eggs, sesame, soy products, Basil, and marmalade.

Another amino acid that increases the effectiveness of stroke prevention is arginine. This compound not only helps to normalize blood pressure, but also restores blood vessels, helps with coronary heart diseases, reduces the likelihood of heart attacks, etc.Arginine is found in nuts, sesame, meat, fish (tuna), cottage cheese.
First aid in case of stroke
What should I do with a stroke in the first place:
even before the arrival of the medical team, the patient should be laid in such a way that his head and neck are located on the same line, located at an angle of about 30 degrees relative to the horizontal surface
in no case should you give the victim of a stroke water and food, as they may be paralyzed by the organs of swallowing and eating or drinking water can provoke suffocation
when vomiting occurs, the patient's head must be turned on its side to prevent the vomit from entering the trachea
it is important to avoid intensive or sudden movements of the patient, as well as to create the most comfortable conditions for him (unbutton tight clothing, provide access to fresh air, etc.)
if you lose consciousness with simultaneous agonal breathing or lack of rhythmic breathing movements, you must urgently start performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation. This measure significantly increases the chances of survival
It is extremely important to get a stroke victim to a specialized medical facility as quickly as possible.
Treatment of stroke
The process of treatment of both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke involves the implementation of a whole range of therapeutic measures within the framework of emergency care and includes a fairly long phased rehabilitation period.

The main goal of treatment of this disease is to restore brain areas that have been damaged with the help of drugs-neuroreparants and protect healthy nerve cells from the development of "vascular catastrophe" with the help of drugs-neuroprotectors. To restore the lost functions of the patient's body, special massages, exercises within the framework of physical therapy, as well as speech therapy and other types of exercises are prescribed.

Even before hospitalization, it is necessary to evaluate the parameters of blood pressure: if they exceed 220/120 mmHg.therefore, measures should be taken to gradually reduce the pressure to adequate values.

At the stage of resuscitation, doctors are engaged in making an accurate diagnosis, searching for the location of the stroke focus, determining the size and volume of the damaged area. As a result of these measures, the optimal therapy tactic is selected, which minimizes the risk of adverse consequences. The patient is examined, as well as thorough studies of the state of the brain and organs of the cardiovascular system.
Rehabilitation after a stroke
Well-designed post-stroke rehabilitation measures can give a good effect in terms of restoring motor and other functions of the patient's body. The best results are observed when several methods of rehabilitation after a stroke are combined at once under the strict control of appropriate specialists:
physiotherapist
responsible for the recovery of motor abilities
logopedist
helps the patient regain the ability to swallow and restore speech function
occupational therapist
deals with the patient's adaptation to everyday realities
Adequate rehabilitation measures make it possible to achieve significant progress in a few months in about 90% of patients affected by ischemic stroke. With a hemorrhagic form of the disease, everything is much more complicated and the possibilities of rehabilitation are limited, however, you can try to restore the patient's ability to communicate with others. A lot depends on the severity and degree of violations, as well as on the actions taken in the first hours of the development of the disease.

Neuroplasticity of the human brain, i.e. the natural ability of brain cells to self-repair by forming new connecting threads between healthy neurons and creating new information transmission chains, is of great importance in rehabilitation after a stroke. To stimulate this function and ensure the effectiveness of rehabilitation measures, the patient should regularly perform individually selected exercises for him.

One of the newest rehabilitation methods is robotic therapy, which helps to stimulate the mechanism of neuroplasticity by repeatedly repeating movements. Various auxiliary means and methods of rehabilitation are also actively used:
special exercises with feedback on breathing, support reaction, electrocardiogram, etc.
therapeutic gymnastic exercises
medicinal products (for example, balanced amino acid complexes)
It should be taken into account that after a stroke, the risk of developing PD – post-stroke depression, which can have an adverse effect on both the rehabilitation process and the somatic state and quality of life of the patient, is significantly increased. As a result, there is a significant deterioration in the prognosis of survival. To treat this condition, the patient is prescribed psychostimulants, antidepressants, special psychotherapy, transcranial magnetic stimulation and other types of therapy.
Competent and timely assistance in rehabilitation after a stroke
One of the effective drugs that help in the treatment and recovery of the body after a stroke is a complex of 18 free amino acids "Ergamine", which, among other things, includes the amino acids glycine and arginine, which are so important for vascular health and maintaining normal blood pressure.
How exactly "Ergamin" helps to cope with the consequences of a stroke:
accelerates protein synthesis in muscle tissues and contributes to increased muscle activity in General, facilitating physical rehabilitation of the patient-protein synthesis in muscle tissues is vital for the recovery of the musculoskeletal system of patients who have suffered a stroke
prevents protein anemia
eliminates the lack of enzymes, which contributes to the breakdown and excretion of fat
облегчает процесс здорового похудения или набора веса (при наличии выраженного истощения организма)
ERGAMIN, a complex of 18 amino acids
How does Ergamine affect a person:

- Adds energy, improves mood
- Increases the immune system, so it is good for children in the autumn-winter period
- Promotes protein formation
- Prevents protein anemia
- Restores hair and nails
- Improves mental activity
- Important for teenagers-supports rapid growth
- Good effect on the brain due to the content of amino acids involved in the transmission of signals to the brain
- Helps you gain weight when you are exhausted
More information about Ergamine in our online store
Just a few capsules of ERGAMIN daily during meals and the patient will avoid post-stroke muscle degradation. His rehabilitation will be faster and more successful!